(1) Guessing - goldsmith's hammer ? Cased. English ? Early 19th century. (2) Horseman's hammer. Eastern European (Polish ?).(3) Auctionee's Gavel. Englis, 18th century(?)(4)As (2) - bit later perhaps,.(5)No real idea. Turkish brass ditto, perhaps.(6) Chipwork carving looks possibly Welsh.(7)Silver mounted claw hammer. Possibly belonging to a carpenter who had just won the pools ????(8) Possibly a toffee hammer used in an early Victorian sweetshop, circa 1850.(9) Pair of sugar nips, used in kitchen to chop sugar loaf in to manageable bits. English, probably circa 1820-40.
P.s. Odd one out is possibly number nine - two piece, and peaceful, as opposed to one piece and warlike ?
All catalogued as Sugar or toffee implements ( although I'm doubtful about 7 which gives the impression of being a claw hammer) while odd one out, number 3 is catalogued as a silversmith's planishing hammer. Number 5. is a Taureg sugar hammer. 2. does look a bit like the farrier's axe but is too light-weight and pretty for that job, catalogued as an early French sugar hammer. 6. is just given as a wooden sugar hammer (though I doubt if it was up to doing the job.
This is like an A-Level history paper before they axed the chief examiner and dumbed-down. What is it with you Horners and instruments of harm?
We like to stay on the operative end of them Rog.