No 1 is "Proportional Dividers", drawing instrument in brass. I would guess around 1900.
Very good partial description Rog as far as you go, but your date's a bit late. Have another look.
(1) I'll go with Rog's name for these dividers. They appear to me to be circa 1820 to 1840, and in their original case.(2) Rather more complex dividers. Slightly later than number 1.(3) Some sort of spirit level. Circa 1880.(4)Good Gad !!!!!! Tea - back later.
(4) Probably a device for telling the time in different places in the world - at the same time (if you see what I mean). the whole thing to be turned by the large crank in the centre. Possibly made in England, circa 1820.!5) Probably a form of orrery, i.e. a clockwork model of the solar system. But if so, rather earlier than most orreries. Judging by the style of the engraving visible, made around 1590 (?)(6) Rather earlier pair of dividers- Germanic (or what is now Germany) circa 1650.(7)Early cased geometry set, circa 1760. in shagreen case.(8) Form of set/square, with ruler, English, circa 1890.
You've swept the board Mike, apart from 2, 3 & 4, but you probably got 4. before tea and forgot to fill it in?.1. 1830 Elliot Bros. cased proportional dividers2, Bar proportional dividers of a similar period, the bar allows the dividers to be adjusted microscopically by the knurled wheel on the left.3. is an inclinometer for measuring angle of slope4. 1782 Calculating Machine of Johann Helfrich Muller (1746-1830) 5. The celestial clock in Bloomsbury Orrery restaurant6. As you say Mike, aren't they elegant. 7. Ditto but to be pedantic, Mike, it is properly called a drafts-mans set8. You're in the right shop, it's a centre head T-square.